Depression is one of the most common psychological problems throughout the world. Depression not only affects the physical health of the individual but it also has a negative impact on a person’s psychological health and well-being. It has devastating effects on a person’s daily life functioning. Early diagnosis and treatment of depression can help in minimizing the negative effects of depression.
The psychological effects of depression can be seen in a person’s everyday life, from home to work, in social interactions, etc. Some of the psychological effects of depression are discussed below:
Depression greatly affects a person’s memory and attention. Depressed individuals often find it difficult to concentrate properly. They often get tackled in their chain of thoughts and often feel lost. Because of this, they are unable to focus on details. Like if a student is suffering from depression then he will be unable to focus on the lectures delivering in a classroom, he might be busy in his own thoughts. As a result, he misses many important points in the lecture. Depression also has a negative effect on a person’s memory. A person will often be forgetful and finds difficulty in memorizing or recalling important information. Like if we continue with the above example then a depressed student will be unable to memorize the topics during the exams. This will affect his overall results and his grades will be fallen.
One of the major signs of depression is losing interest or pleasure in activities which previously bring joy to a person. Social withdrawal is one of the psychological effects of depression. When a person feels depressed he often does not like to go out of their room or house and interacting with people. When a person stops interacting with other people then he will experience social withdrawal. Serotonin is a chemical which boosts a person’s mood and a person feels happy and social. Because of the imbalance in the level of serotonin person’s mood gets low and he does not like to socialize and become depressed.
People going through from severe depression often experience suicidal thoughts which lead towards suicidal attempts. In depression, a person has feelings of worthlessness, helplessness and hopelessness, as a result, a person does not feel to live anymore. This leads towards self-harm behaviours. People around the depressed individual can identify the warning signs of suicide. If the person treats people around him that he will hurt himself, having a death wish, during conservations talking about suicide, seeking methods to provide harm or kill oneself, etc are the warning signs. By identifying the signs, a person needs to immediately inform the concerned person.
Drug use is another potential avenue as many people experiencing depression feel that drugs ‘numb the pain’, relying on a drug that may make things worse and isolate them further.